Women who experience moderate to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS) risk contracting high blood pressure later in life, according to extensive US research.

 

A 14-year-long study between 1001 and 2005 by the University of Massachusetts and the Harvard School of Public Health researched the link between PMS and high blood pressure in 1 250 women with moderate to severe PMS, and nearly 2 500 women with few menstrual symptoms.

 

Researchers found that the women with moderate to severe PMS were 40 percent more likely to develop high blood pressure over 20 years compared to those with fewer menstrual symptoms. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke.

 

Study author, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, an epidemiologist at the University of Massachusetts said: “…this is the first, large, long-term study to suggest that PMS may be related to risk of chronic health conditions in later life.”

 

PMS refers to the physical and emotional symptoms one to two weeks before a period. They include acne, tender breasts, bloating, constipation, nausea, exhaustion, difficulty sleeping, irritability, joint and muscle pain, low concentration, poor memory, tension, anxiety and mood swings.

 

Nutritional consultant Vanessa Ascencao said research shows that changes in hormones and brain chemicals during a women’s period played a role in PMS which could be aggravated by stress, anxiety, depression, low levels of vitamins and minerals, eating lots of salty food and drinking stimulants like caffeine or alcohol.

 

Ascencao recommends the following to help manage PMS:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Follow a healthy diet, including lots of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Sleep for at least eight hours a night
  • Manage stress through yoga, a massage, or by taking Bach Rescue Pastilles
  • Limit stimulants like alcohol, caffeine or cigarettes
  • Increase intake of vitamins B and E, magnesium, calcium and folic acid
  • Boost immunity with multi-nutrient Marcus Rohrer Spirulina. Spirulina is most effective when combined with a natural diet. It provides healthy nutrients for pregnancy, menopause, PMS and general health.
  • Keep warm to minimize period pain – use a bean bag or hot water bottle.

PMS MAY RESULT IN HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

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