SURROGACY AND THE LAW IN SOUTH AFRICA Surrogacy and the law in South Africa A surrogate is a woman (surrogate mother) who carries a baby on behalf of future parents (commissioning parties) who are medically unable to do so. Surrogacy in South Africa only became regulated in 2007. It is regulated by the Children’s Act, Act 38 of 2005 (hereafter the “Act”). The Act came into effect in June 2007. In order for the commissioning parties to make use of a surrogate they need to comply with the Act. Thus they will need to have a written agreement with the surrogate mother. This agreement needs to be confirmed by the High Court i.e. be made an order of court. Once the child has been conceived through artificial fertilisation the agreement may not be terminated. In terms of Section 292 and 293 the surrogate mother needs to be domiciled in South Africa. If she is married or in a relationship her husband and/or partner should agree to her becoming a surrogate. Furthermore the commissioning parents should also be domiciled in South Africa. Children born from a surrogate mother is by law the child of the commissioning parents. The surrogate mother and her partner has no parental rights towards the child. A surrogate mother is not allowed to receive payment for being a surrogate, other than expenses that she incurred i.e. medical expenses or loss of income due to her not working.  At least one of the commissioning parents needs to be the biological parent of the child to be born to a surrogate mother. Thus one of the commissioning parents will need to provide either an egg or sperm for the purpose of the artificial fertilisation. The use of donor egg and sperm is prohibited in South Africa. This section of the Act is currently being contested in the High Court of Pretoria. The mother, whose identity is protected in terms of the Act, is unable to fall pregnant by in vetro fertilisation and is not married. She therefore wishes to use a donor egg and sperm, but is prohibited by the Act to do so. She is contesting the prohibition and avers that it is unconstitutional as it is violating her human rights, that of her right to equality and human dignity. We are currently awaiting the ruling of this. Due to the sensitive nature of surrogacy and the complexity of the agreement it is of the utmost importance that the surrogacy agreement be drafted by an attorney.  Section 297.  Section 301. Leave a Reply Cancel Reply You must be logged in to post a comment.